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„Poduzetništvo: Uspješno pokretanje novih poduhvata" 3/e

Autori: Bruce R. Barringer, R. Duane Ireland
Izdanje na bosanskom jeziku


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The Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) 2012 Women's Report published

2012 GEM Womens ReportThe Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) 2012 Women's Report, published at Wednesday, 31/07/2013, represents the result of research on women's entrepreneurship in 67 economies of the world, as a part of the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM), the world's largest academic research project in the field of entrepreneurship. The research analyses rates and nature of female participation in entrepreneurship around the world, and contrasts these findings with male rates.

The key results of the research show that there are over 126 million women entrepreneurs, which are starting or running their businesses. In most of the economies, there are fewer women involved in entrepreneurship than men. Women entrepreneurs are drawn more to the consumer-industry sector while men continue to dominate the capital and knowledge-based manufacturing and service sectors. In Europe and the United States, women are as highly-educated, or more so, than men. Yet, they are less likely to believe they have the capabilities for starting businesses, in all research participating countries. Besides that, in every region, women have, on average, a greater level of fear of failure than men.

Bosnia and Herzegovina is part of the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor since 2008. Entrepreneurship Development Centre (ED Centre) Tuzla is the official holder of the GEM project in Bosnia and Herzegovina, headed by national GEM team leader Professor Bahrija Umihanić. This way, data on entrepreneurship in B&H can be found in all annual world's GEM reports since 2008, and therefore also in the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) 2012 Women's Report.

The results for Bosnia and Herzegovina, presented in the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) 2012 Women's Report, indicate that the Total Early-Stage Entrepreneurial Activity – TEA of 5% (rate of individuals actively running their business not longer than 42 months) for women entrepreneurs is twice lower comparing to men. Rate of women that are owners/managers of established businesses (businesses older than 42 months) is 4% in Bosnia and Herzegovina, while it is 8% for the male entrepreneurs. Fear of failure rate (percent of individuals that see opportunities for starting business, but fear of failure would prevent them in it) is 26% for women in B&H, slightly lower than the rate for men. When it comes to the motives of entry into entrepreneurial activity, prevalent motive for both men and women is necessity, rather than opportunity for improvement, and there are small differences in rates of this indicator between men and women.

These are only few most important indicators of GEM research on women's entrepreneurship in Bosnia and Herzegovina in 2012. If certain government institutions or non-government organizations express their interest for more detailed information on women's entrepreneurship in Bosnia and Herzegovina in 2012 and have readiness to finance, GEM team of Bosnia and Herzegovina can create special report on women's entrepreneurship in B&H for 2012, based on GEM world's report on women's entrepreneurship and conducting its own research. The Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) 2012 Women's Report can be downloaded on the official page of GEM consortium ( and Entrepreneurship Development (, and it is also possible to ask the staff of ED Centre for more information.


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